What Is The Role Of Glucose In The Body
- Glucose (sugar) is a prime energy source for the body cells, which make and develop muscles as well as other body tissues.
- The liver gland produces and stores glucose (sugar).
- When the glucose (sugar) levels are low, for instance, after a heavy workout or if you haven’t eaten for quite a while, the liver gland produces glucose (sugar) to maintain its level in the body.
Now in case of Type 2 diabetes, the entire above stated process doesn’t work at all. The glucose (sugar) instead of entering into the body cells gradually builds up in the bloodstream. As the glucose (sugar) levels in the bloodstream increases, the beta cells in the pancreas produce more insulin to counter it, but eventually over a period of time these beta cells get exhausted, and are not able make sufficient insulin.
Diabetes also runs in the family and can be passed genetically. Therefore, in case one of your family members has diabetes, then you possess a hereditary disposition to get diabetes, and something in your environment could trigger it.
While there exists a strong predisposition genetically, the risk is immensely enhanced with an inactive lifestyle, for instance, obesity or overweight, high BP (blood pressure), inadequate physical activity, deprived diet, as well as the typical Apple-Shape body (where excess fat gets accumulated around the waist).
You are born with some risk factors and some of them can be controlled. The following are the well-established risk factors. An individual is at a higher risk of receiving Type 2 diabetes if he/she:
- Has a diabetes history in the family
- Is older (age over 55 years): The risk increases with the aging
- Is overweight and over 45 years of age
- Has high BP (blood pressure), and is over 45 years of age
- A woman, who suffered from a condition called POS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome), or suffered from gestational diabetes (when pregnant), or has given birth to over a 9 lbs (4.5 kg) baby.