Complications Of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes could be easily ignored, especially during the initial stages when one is feeling all right. However, diabetes affects several vital organs, which includes the heart, nerves, blood vessels, kidneys as well as eyes. The impending complications related to diabetes are the similar for both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Keeping the blood sugar levels under control can really assist in preventing all such complications.
Even though the long-term complications related to diabetes develop slowly, eventually these could result in permanent disability or be even life-threatening. Following are some of the possible complications related to Type 2 diabetes:
Cardiovascular disease: Type 2 diabetes noticeably enhances the risk of several cardiovascular diseases, which includes stroke, heart attack, angina (coronary artery ailment with chest pain), atherosclerosis (arteries contraction), as well as high BP (blood pressure).
Neuropathy (Nerve damage): Surplus glucose (sugar) levels can damage the capillaries (walls of minute blood vessels) which nourish the nerves (specifically in the legs). The damage can cause numbness, tingling, pain or burning sensation which typically begins in the toes or finger tips, and slowly moves upward. Inadequately controlled blood glucose levels eventually could result in losing all the feeling of sense in the limbs, which got affected. Damage to the nerves which controls the digestive system could result in problems such as nausea, diarrhea, vomiting and constipation. In males, erectile dysfunction could be a big concern.
Nephropathy (Kidney damage): Your kidneys hold millions of minute clusters of blood vessel, which filter out poisonous wastes from the bloodstream. Type 2 diabetes could damage this fragile filtering system. This could lead to kidney failure or even permanent last-stage kidney ailment that regularly needs dialysis, or eventually a kidney transplant.
Eye damage (diabetic retinopathy): Type 2 diabetes has the potential to damage your retina’s blood vessels which can lead to blindness. It even enhances the risk of other grave vision problems like glaucoma and cataracts.
Foot damage: Reduced flow of blood to the feet can lead to nerve damage in the feet, which further enhances the risk of several foot related complications. If left uncured, the blisters and cuts can turn into severe infections, which might heal poorly and could lead to leg, foot or toe amputation.
Skin problems: Type 2 diabetes might leave you more prone to various skin problems which include fungal and bacterial infections.
Alzheimer: Type 2 diabetes might increase the Alzheimer’s risk. The more uncontrolled your blood glucose level is, the more you are prone to Alzheimer’ disease.
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